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Please Note: These web pages are English-language oriented.  As a result, most language accent marks have been omitted from examples for ease in presentation to the reader.  Foreign language font installation seems to be difficult for all but the most persistent of individuals.  Please use accent marks in all correspondence, whenever possible, to avoid confusion and misdirection.

Phone Books | Postal Codes | Addressing the Letter | Writing your Blind Letter |

Letter Logistics | Slovakia Village Mayor Names | Language / Terminology


There may come a time in the course of research when one is ready to "jump the pond" and write that first letter to the village mayor, possible family, priest or others in Slovakia.  Until the recent past, the time-tested strategy was simply to write a letter to the village mayor, requesting that s/he forward your letter to the most appropriate person.  With the advent of online phone books, the world has become a bit smaller and easier to connect with.

A. Phone Books, how to use for research


Peter Nagy's Slovakia Phone Book Reference - Slovakia Phone Book/English

Here are a couple of tips for those using the Slovak Republic phone book or the English version  This site is excellent for Americans because it does not require foreign characters (letters with accent marks.)

1. Peter Nagy has an excellent page at showing all the Area Codes and instructions on how to use the directory.

I have used this directory for over two years and found the following useful in genealogical research.

2. Names change over time.  If you are seeking people with the same surname, you are better off not relying on a search using the surname as it it presently spelled.   a) The directory requires that you enter a minimum of the first three letters.   I recommend that you start here, with three letters.  When I am seeking a surname, this is precisely what I do.  For example, if I am seeking TARKULIC, I only enter TAR.  This produces all surnames that begin with TAR (TARKULIC, TARKO, etc.)  This type of search generally produces a relatively manageable list of names to look through.  As you see names that look close, add more letters, like TARKU, for example.  b) Sometimes, the vowels change when a name is transliterated.  Therefore, try all the vowels: TAR, TER, TIR, TOR, TUR. 

I have found the above method extremely useful when you are at all unsure about how the name should be spelled today, even if you are not looking for people in specific locations.

3. People move around.  You are better off to enter an Area Code rather than a village name in the search.  Keep in mind that in the 60's and 70's many people moved to large towns and cities for employment.  In Eastern Slovakia, Košice is the largest employer.  In the west, it’s Bratislava, although Trencin, Nitra and similar-sized cities are also large employee magnets.

IF YOU KNOW THE VILLAGE NAME:  Start with the area code that encompasses your village, if known.  I then take a modern-day map ( Online, works best because of its detail, but MapQuest  will work in a pinch, without as much detail), locate the ancestral village, and identify the area code (s) from Phil's map.  Then search each area, one at time and look at village names of people found in the phone book.   Start with the villages closes to the ancestral village and work outward.  My assumption is that the closer the name is to the ancestral village, the more likely they are related.

IF YOU DON'T KNOW THE VILLAGE NAME:  An Area Code search can be especially useful if you are not able to identify an ancestral village.  In this case, you are better off going through all the area codes, searching only on the partial surname.   There are only about 25 area codes.  You can search through all area codes in one fell swoop by putting a single zero “0” into the area code field.  (Thanks Vladimir KOVALSKY for this tip.)  The web site is speedy enough that you can make quick work of it.

4. Feminine Names.  Keep in mind that a female surname always takes a feminine form, ending in OVA'  For example, TARKULIC'  AND TARKULIC'OVA' are the same family name (surname). 


To make this work best for research, you need to combine steps (2) and (3).  Enter the first three letters of the last name and the Area Code.  This produces the most manageable lists that are also the most relevant.  For example, I enter last name TAR and area code 057.  This shows me all names beginning with TAR in the Humenne district. 

It seems like an arduous task, but the number of hits you get is surprisingly low.  In most cases, the number of hits typically is in the 5 to 80 names.   For a country of 5 million people, only 1/4 of the households have phones.  I would make an estimate that there are less than 400,000 phones.  The regions of highest immigration, in the east, contain relatively few people. 

Hungary, Czech Republic & Poland Phone Books

B. Postal Code References


Slovenska Posta Select "On-Line", then "PSC obci a ulic".  Enter village name into "Nazov obce:" field.  Click on the Flag of Great Britain for English.  Peter Nagy has some great tips and a translation for using the Slovenska Posta web site.


Ukraine Post Office

C. Addressing the letter / Deriving postal address from phone book

General Form:


Street Address & Number (or house number)

Postal Code, Town


First Example - No Street listed (common occurrence)

 From Slovakia online phone book: 

Andrej Durnak, 264, Pcoline

264 is the house number.  No street name given (small villages often do not have street names.  We pick up the postal code from Slovenska Posta and compose it like this:

Andrej Durnak

Pcoline, č. d. 264

067 35 Pcoline

Slovak Republic



I put the village name before the house number just to be clear this is a house number for this village.  It's not required however.

č.d. or simply č means "číslo domu", which is "house number"

- I also prefer "Slovak Republic" instead of "Slovakia" for the later sometimes is confused with Slovenia by U.S. Postal workers and misdirected.

If no house number was listed:

Andrej Durnak

067 35 Pcoline

Slovak Republic

Second Example - Street number listed (cities)

Emil Dzuro Rovniankova 12, Bratislava

Street is Rovniankova , Street Number is 12, City is Bratislava


Emil Dzuro

Rovniankova, č.d.  12

851 02 Bratislava

Slovak Republic

D. Writing your Blind Letter

E. Letter Logistics

Transit time from the USA to Slovakia is generally two weeks for Air Mail and 4 to 5 weeks for surface mail.  Air mail is US$0.90 per ounce (04/2008).  Surface mail service has been discontinued (in 2007).

F. Slovakia Village Mayor Names

A listing of Slovakia villages, including mayor name, mailing address and phone number is found at . (Village reference for Czech Republic are here)  The web page is in Slovak, but you need only to enter the village name into the window following "Nájdi obec/mesto:" and press the adjacent "Hl'adaj" button for results.


Thanks to "ferom" from for house number syntax.


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Last Update: 15 November 2020                                                    Copyright © 2003-2021, Bill Tarkulich