SLOVAKIA'S most eastern territory,
Zemplín, has never enjoyed peace for long. First, Turks
roamed this part of the country, then soldiers during the
anti-Habsburg uprisings. Zemplín's citizens eventually
migrated to Dolná zem (what is now Hungary) and later to
Slovaks returning from America
played a significant role in moving this poor region
forward. This progress was mirrored in the architecture.
During the 20th century, people lived in grimy houses
without chimneys and together with animals. Roofs were often
made from cane or straw, as we can see in this postcard from
the 1920s, while walls were from stone, clay or wood.
Americans brought back not only money but new experiences.
This was also how houses similar to those now emerged in
Zemplín for the first time.
The women on the postcard are
processing hemp, from which they later manufactured linen.
Prepared by Branislav Chovan