A Guide for Locating Military Records
Regions of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
by Carl Kotlarchik
Since the original
publication of this page, Carl has continued to collect new information which
creates an even more valuable guide. Please refer to Carl's own site for
the most recent news and information.
Austro-Hungarian Army Records -
Carl's Definitive Site (2012-13)
of Service |
Table of the Recruiting Locations
Musterlisten und Standestabellen
Other Units |
Military Church Records |
Military Identity Books
Military Archive Addresses
While military records are usually considered a
secondary resource for genealogical researchers, knowledge of military
service adds depth to a family history and goes beyond just having a list of
names and dates.
insight into what an ancestor may have experienced during their lifetime and
gives a perspective of the history at that period.
To find military records for the Austro-Hungarian Army, one first needs to
determine where and how to look for them since they were kept at different
locations during various periods of time.
The records were also kept differently for the various states within
can be a little confusing if one does not understand a bit about the history
of the Austrian Empire and the subsequent Austro-Hungarian Empire.
A Short History of the Empires
The first thing to recognize is that eventually there were at least eleven
different ethnic groups in the Austrian Empire.
Initially, it was just Austria and the Czech regions of Bohemia,
Moravia and Silesia.
Kingdom of Hungary was not even part of the original Empire.
But after the Ottomans invaded Hungary in 1526, the Austrian
Hapsburgs used it as an opportunity to gain control of the Hungarian
When Austria finally
drove the Ottomans out of Hungary in the 1680s, they reached a peace
agreement with the Turks that gave them control of most of the Hungarian
lands and Transylvania.
Hungarian diet then gave the Austrian Emperor the hereditary rights to the
Austrian Emperor thus became the King of Hungary as well (Kaiser und Konig).
Austria continued to gain control of additional lands from a series of wars
in the 1700 and 1800s.
they partitioned Poland with Prussia and Russia, Austria took over the
southern section of Poland which was known as Galicia.
They also gained the northern section of Italy in wars with the
French and, as the Ottomans were driven out of Balkans, Austria and Hungary
took over Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.
It is important to recognize that during this initial period, all these
regions were now part of the Austrian Empire and all the ethnic groups were
such, all men had a military obligation to the Emperor and could be
conscripted to serve in the Austrian Army.
Hungary, however, had a unique status.
Although the Austrian Kaiser was also the King of Hungary, the
Hungarians were allowed to maintain their own parliament and could manage
their Kingdom with their own set of laws.
Hungary was also allowed to rule over the Slovaks, Ruthenians,
Croatians and people in the former area of Transylvania which were all part
of greater Hungary at that time.
Austria maintained direct control over the Czech regions, Galicia and
importantly, Austria controlled the armies within the Empire.
Nevertheless, there was a lot of ethnic unrest and the army was used, not
only for protection against external threats, but also to maintain control
of the various ethnic groups within.
Over the years, it was necessary for Austria to use the army to put
down a number of internal revolts including one in Hungary in 1848.
As a result of this revolt, Austria took direct control over Hungary.
But when Austria lost the war with Prussia in 1866, Hungary once
again used it as an opportunity to regain control of some of their own
A compromise was reached in 1867,
know as the Ausgleich, by which Hungary was given equal status with
The Austrian Emperor
was still recognized as being the King of Hungary but the Hungarian diet
regained powers over Hungarian lands and the people residing within their
borders like the Slovaks and Ruthenians.
The Empire now became known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
It would last until the end of World War I, after which, the Empire
was broken down into many separate countries.
After 1867, a Hungarian homeland army emerged.
In addition to the joint
Austro-Hungarian Army, known as the Royal and Imperial Army (the k.u.k.),
Hungary formed a new, separate army which they called the
known as the Royal Hungarian Army (k.u.).
Austria already had its own homeland army which they called the
or the Imperial Royal Army (the k.k.).[iii]
Men could be conscripted to serve in either the joint army or their
My focus has been on pre-1867 records for my Slovak
ancestors, but I will give reference to other ethnic regions and timeframes.
I’ve concentrated on pre-1867 records because they were centrally
maintained at the Kriegs Archives in
Vienna and are now available on microfilm from the LDS Family History
These include records
for both officers and enlisted personnel.
After 1867, Hungary began keeping the records for their own soldiers,
including those from the districts now in present-day Slovakia.
Although the records for the officers still exist, the records for
the enlisted men are no longer available.
Another reason I’ve avoided looking for post 1867 records is that
after the Ausgleich, Hungary formed a home guard called the
Therefore, many men from Hungary served in this homeland army instead
of the joint army (the k.u.k).
Unfortunately, the records for the
Honved units also appear to have
And finally, after
the war with Prussia in 1866, the Austro-Hungarian Empire enjoyed an
extended period of relative calm and was not involved in any major external
conflicts for almost fifty years until WWI.
During this period, the Army was used primarily to maintain control
of the various ethnic groups, especially those in the Balkans.
But in the years prior to 1866, Austria was a major power in Europe
and fought a number of wars against France (the Napoleonic Wars), Denmark,
Prussia, Russia and even England and Sweden. Consequently, there is a lot of
interesting military history in these earlier years.
The events are all well documented in numerous books and various
They provide a rich
source of information about the times.
However, after 1866, Austria’s power waned as Prussia became the main
force in the German Confederation.
By treaty, Austria was eliminated from all participation after having
controlled the federation for a century.
Length of Service Obligation
As previously mentioned, Austria controlled all armies
in the Empire prior to 1867.
Hungary did form a Honved during the revolt in 1848 but it was disbanded
after the revolt was put down by Austria (with the help of Russia).
During war time, Austria had as many as half a million men under
To maintain this force,
it was necessary to conscript 80,000 to 85,000 men a year into the army. The
length of service obligation and the age of eligibility changed several
times during the 1800s. At the beginning of the century, soldiers faced a
lifetime obligation, which meant that once they finished active duty they
could be recalled into the army at any time.[iv]
By mid century, the obligation was ten years. In the infantry,
recruits served one to three years of active duty. Engineers and the
artillery served actively for three years and because it took longer to
develop the horsemanship skills required for the cavalry, they served seven
to eight years actively. After completing the active duty phase, soldiers
were put on furlough to their homes and called out annually for additional
After a total of
eight years in the service, men were then put into the reserves to complete
But even after the active part of their reserve obligation was
men were put into
inactive reserves and could be called up in time of war.
Men were eligible to be drafted starting at the age of
If they failed the
physical, they could be called back the following two years and retested.
But after failing three times, they were declared unfit and
five military districts in Hungary
and each regimental unit was assigned specific counties in these
districts where they were allowed to recruit.
However, these assignments changed over time, and consequently, it is
necessary to know the “class” year to find a given individual.
This was usually twenty years after his birth but could be twenty one
or twenty two years, if they were drafted late.
Also note that young men could volunteer for the Army as early as age
Therefore, volunteers could
have a class year below age twenty.
The headquarters for the five military districts within Hungary were
located in Bratislava (Pressberg), Košice (Kassa, Kaschau), Buda-Pest,
Sopron and Oradea.
Determining which ancestors were in the Army
How does one know if they have an ancestor that served
in the Austro-Hungarian Army? It may be as simple as having relatives
knowing stories about a grandparent who was in the military, as was the case
in my family.
However, it can
also come from actual documents, pictures or notations in church records.
In addition, there are other clues that might suggest that an
individual was in the army.
age at which a man got married will sometimes indicate military service.
Soldiers were not allowed to get married while on their first tour of
Therefore, if a man got
married later than others in village, it may be because he had been in the
almost a given that if a man got married for the first time at the age of 27
or 28, he had been in the army.[vii]
Determining the Regimental Unit
As most of us have learned, the key to finding
ancestral church documents is to identify the family home village or town.
Similarly, the key to finding military records is to determine in
which regiment the soldier served.
Wrede’s book: Geschichte der k. und k. Wehrmacht[viii]
(History of the Austro-Hungarian Armed Forces) volume 1, there
are charts for each region of the Empire called the
Uebersicht der Werb-
(Ergänzungs-)Bezirks-Eintheilung von 1781 bis 1889.
These charts show in which counties each infantry regiment
recruited during any period of time.
This book is
available from the FHL on film 1187917 item 2.
Note that I have created a table extracted from Wrede’s book showing
which regiments were recruiting in the Kingdom of Hungary by county listings
over various periods of time.
This table can be found at the end of this article in Appendix A.
Now, by knowing your ancestor’s home county and his
“class” year, you can determine the infantry regiment in which he may have
served by using this table. There are also a number of military maps that
show the home depot of the various regimental units in the Empire.
But these maps are only useful to indicate which regiments were
recruiting in a general area and not specific enough to determine which
regiment was recruiting in an individual county.
Even when the regimental home depot remained constant, the counties
nearby where they recruited often changed.
In addition, these maps are only good for the year in which they were
von Österreich 1898,[ix] is
an example of one of these military maps.
Consequently, for reasons given above, I believe the best method of
finding your ancestor’s infantry regiment is to use the information
extracted from Wrede’s book.
Note that only infantry regiments are covered in the tables .
Other kinds of units, such as the cavalry, artillery and engineers
will be discussed later.
However, most soldiers were in the infantry, especially those from the
many soldiers started in the infantry before being transferred to other
types of units.
So, it is a
good place to start your search.
Determining the time period for searching military records
The three major time periods to consider are:
Pre-1867 - Records centrally maintained at the
Vienna War Archives.
These records include soldiers from the entire Empire including
individuals from Austria, the Czech regions, Galicia, and all of Hungary.
1867 to 1918 - Records maintained by Austria and by Hungary separately.
Austria kept the records for the regions they directly administered,
Galicia and the Czech
regions of Bohemia and Moravia. Hungary kept those for everyone in their
kingdom, which included the Slovaks and other slavs within their borders.
By treaty, these records were to be sent to the successor countries
but there is a lot of conflicting information as to what has happened to
these records (see section below on Czech Military Records).
Post-1918 - Records maintained by the states of Czechoslovakia (1st and 2nd
Republic) and Slovakia (1st Republic) as well as the other successor nations
of Poland, Yugoslavia, Romania, the Ukraine, and various countries formed
after Yugoslavia was broken up.
Records (personnel sheets)
Once you have determined your ancestor’s regiment, you
can look for his personnel records.
The information in personnel records includes the name of the
soldier, birth year and location, marital status, civilian occupation,
religion, and dates of service, description of duties, promotions if any and
date of discharge.
From 1820 until 1869, individual personnel sheets for
all the troops in the Empire were kept in books called
After 1869, these
records were only kept for the Austrians and personnel from the regions they
administered as described earlier.
records are listed by regimental number and then by class year.
They are not indexed alphabetically by surname. Soldiers are listed
starting with the officers, cadets and finally the enlisted men. To find an
individual soldier, it is necessary to review all the records for a given
Kriegs Archive will do a search of their records for a fee or you can hire a
private reseacher to do a search of these records.
But they are also available on microfilm from the Family History
Library on 2,884 rolls of film.
Now, a bit of a warning about using these FHL films, they are not well
cataloged. The film titles of the earliest records list the years covered,
but the later films only list
numbers, which are
not a very useful guide.
addition, many of the film titles in the FHL catalog contain errors as to
the years covered.
indicate that they only cover the years from 1820 until 1860.
However, in most cases, the records for the 1860s are actually
covered in those films.
contacted the LDS about this and have had them change the titles for some
films, including all the ones for the Hussars.
But given these problems, it is best to order several of the films in
each regimental series to make sure you get the years wanted.
The easiest way to search through the film is to go the records for
the birth year of your ancestor (see template below).
Then look though the records for that year (and several years on both
sides if you don’t find it immediately).
As mentioned, the
records by regimental number cover all soldiers in the Empire.
records exist for soldiers from the eight states within what is now modern
Niederösterreich, Oberösterreich, Steiermark, Kärnten, Salzburg, Tirol, and
kept at the Kriegs Archive in Vienna.
The records cover Austrian solders from ~1820 to the end of WWI and
they are organized alphabetically by the names of the soldiers within each
The records are on 616 rolls of film available from the FHL.
Czech Military Records
Additional military records for soldiers coming from
the Czech regions of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, are located at the Kreigs
Archive in Vienna for the years from 1820 to 1864.
Personnel sheets for Czech soldiers can be found in records called
Diverse: Bohmen, Mahren, Schlesien.
These records are organized alphabetically by the soldier’s names
and are available from the FHL on 685 rolls of film or they can be obtained
by a private search in the archive described above.
of the Kriegs Archive in Vienna, Christoph Tepperberg, has written the
following statement about the records after 1864 for the Czech regions:
the Saint-Germain peace treaty of 1919, all Grundbuchsblätter
the years of
birth 1865-1900 for soldiers outside the new Austrian Republic had to remain in,
or to be surrendered to, the “successor states”. Therefore the
keeps from these age-classes only the personnel files for soldiers
territory of today's Austrian Republic.
In the successor states of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the majority
of these files (have) been lost. For the Czech Republic, the Grundbuchsblätter
of the years of birth 1887-1900 have been kept in the repository for
military personnel files in Tyrnau (Trnava, Slovakia), where most of them
were destroyed, while the remainders and the files of the age classes
1865-1886 are preserved in the Czech Historical Military Archives in
I do not believe the records in Prague have been filmed by the LDS, but you
can hire the archives or other private researchers to do a search for you .
Additional types of Czech military records are well described
Records for the rest of the Empire
Alphabetical military personnel records by surname
makes it fairly easy to find soldiers coming from Austria itself and the
Czech regions. Unfortunately, records for the remaining regions of the
Empire are not organized alphabetically by name.
To find these records, you must first determine the regimental
A chart showing which
infantry regiments recruited in Galacia, listed by districts over various
time periods, can be found at Polishroots.com.
A list for infantry regiments recruiting in the Kingdom of Hungary
can be found at the end of this article in Appendix A.
For all other areas of the Empire, you can use tables found in
“An Introduction to Austrian Military Records”
by Steven W.
But a word of caution, I found many discrepancies between Mr.
Blodgett’s tables and the charts in Alphons Wrede’s book that was discussed
That is why I created
a separate table for the Hungarian regions based solely on Wrede’s charts.
I have no way of knowing which table is more accurate but Wrede is
considered by many to be the ultimate authority on Austro-Hungarian military
The final reference on this topic
comes from the Dislokations-Verzeichnis des k.u.k. Heeres und der k.u.k.
1649-1914 by Otto Kasperkowitz[xv] (Location
Index for Recruitment into the Imperial and Royal Austrian Army and Navy
Unlike the other tables which just
show the infantry regiments,
Kasperkowitz’s tables list all the various types of units including those of
the cavalry, artillery and the engineers.
Regiments are listed by county or
district for all regions of the Empire.
It is available from the FHL on film # 1186632.
But unfortunately, the years covered in these tables are very
incomplete and may not provide guidance for all time periods.
Resource: Translated Template
Format of the
records with translations of the German headings.
The above record is from the regimental book of the 6th
It lists Graf (Count) Orsich of Croatia.
He was born in 1827 and he enlisted in 1843 as a regimental cadet.
He was just shy of being 17 years old.
In 1845, he was promoted to 2nd lieutenant and remained in
the service until at least 1852.
I wish I could read his service records, but the writing is just too
Musterlisten und Standestabellen
(Muster Rolls and Formation Tables)
Prior to 1820, when
records started to be kept, military records for all soldiers and officers
were kept in Musterlisten und Standestabellen
(Muster Rolls and Monthly Reports).
These records at the Kriegs Archive cover the years from 1740 to 1820
and are available on microfilm from the Family History Center on 5,104 rolls
organized by regimental unit.
records provide an individual’s year of birth, place of birth, religion,
occupation, service record and dates of service. The
indicate changes within the last month.
also list names and ages
of children, physical description of the soldier, whether he ever deserted
and even information about his horse, if he was in the cavalry.
there is an alphabetical list of all officers by name called the
für Musterlisten und Standestabellen) covering the years of 1740-1820.
This list is available from the FHL on 29 rolls of film.
Here is an
example of a Musterlisten
courtesy of Jacques Cotteret.
are the covers of the Musterlisten
for the 6th Hussars
from the early 1800s.
regimental name at that time was the Blankenstein Regiment.
All regiments had
who was the honorary
“owner” of the regiment.
this case, it was Ernst Graf Blankenstein for which the regiment took its
record from this book appears below.
Many thanks to
Jacques Cotteret for providing the following translations of the
Chargen – Rank
these men were gemeiner
(troopers or privates)
1. Location (City, Town, or Village) 2. County or District
Jahr Alt – Age
Stand – Status
deren Weiber -- Married men whose wives (are):
Militär juridis. Gehörig -- Not under military jurisdiction
Haben Kinder – Have children
(with names and ages)
Weiblich – Females (with names and ages)
Measures (height of soldier)
Schuh(e) – feet
Zoll – inches
Strich – line
(~1/10 of inch)
records for all officers in the Austrian and subsequent Austro-Hungarian
Army at the Kreigs Archive in Vienna.
They cover the years from 1761 to 1918 and are comprehensive for all
Note, about 10% of all
soldiers were officers.
service records are indexed alphabetically by surname.
The information provided lists the service record of the officer and
events and duties that he preformed.
They also list the units in which he served.
In addition, these records sometimes provide information about the
records can be found in the
Qualifikationslisten der Offiziere.
These records are
arranged alphabetically by last name.
They are available on 3,408 films from the FHL.
Other units beyond Infantry
several other types of units within the army beyond those of the infantry.
There were the Jägers (riflemen), the Artillery, the Engineers and
Records for the Cavalry
units were divided into several types of both heavy and light cavalry.
These included the
Kurassiers) who were
the heavy cavalry used for head-on attacks against the enemy in close
helmets and some body armor including breast plates.
They came mainly from Austria.
Dragoons were a second type of heavy to medium cavalry unit.
They carried a saber and a short carbine rifle but did not wear any
body armor. They were often used as quick mobilization troops because they
could rapidly ride to the scene of a battle, dismount and fight as infantry.
They were recruited from Austria and the Czech region of Moravia.
Chevauxlegers were medium to light cavalry.
They were mainly used for patrolling and reconnaissance.
Chevauxlegers were converted to other types of cavalry in the mid
1800s. They were recruited mainly from the Czech region of Bohemia but
several regiments were drawn from Galacia, Austria and even Italy.
used the lance as their weapon of choice.
They were light cavalry drawn mainly from Galacia (Poles and
The final type
of cavalry unit was the Hussars.
They were mainly recruited in the
Kingdom of Hungary and were known as superb horsemen.
They were also known for their daring and flamboyant personalities,
both on and off the battlefield.
Hussars were light cavalry used for reconnaissance, raids on enemy
supply lines, flank attacks and rear guard actions.
They used a short, curved saber in close fighting and favored a
somewhat smaller horse (14 to 15 hands) than other units. There were
eventually 16 Hussaren regiments with some drawn from Transylvania.
records for a soldier in the cavalry is a bit harder than that for the
But you still need to
determine the regimental unit in which the soldier served.
To do so,
you can use the Dislokations-Verzeichnis des k.u.k. Heeres und der k.u.k.
There are also various charts available along with maps that show
where the cavalry units recruited as well.
An example is found in
Hungarian Hussar 1756-1815 by
On page 55 he describes in which counties of Hungary each Hussar
regiment recruited around 1800.
There is also an excellent map on this page that shows the recruitment
districts for the Hussar regiments. This map is better than some others
because it shows the boundaries of the recruitment districts instead of just
the location of the home depots of the various units.
Note, page 55 of Hollins’ book can be accessed on Google Books but it
is inexpensively available from various on-line bookstores.
regiments usually maintained an association with specific infantry regiments
and recruited in the same counties and districts as these IRs.
Therefore, this provides another way to determine the cavalry unit
for your county of interest. In books called the
records were kept for each regiment.
Beginning in 1867, the regimental numbers of the associated infantry
regiments are shown for each cavalry regiment.
By knowing the recruiting counties of the infantry, one then knows
the likely recruiting counties for the associated cavalry regiment.
But associations changed over time, therefore it must be determined
for a specific time period.
Look for the
Militar-Schematismus on line at Google books.
They are available, by year, from 1815 until the 1890s, but only
after 1867 do they show which infantry regiments were associated with
specific cavalry units.
Records for Other Types of
I have not
personally researched records for other types of units such as the
or engineers, but I would assume that these could be found using the same
methodology described above.
Military Church Records
Church records for soldiers can be found in
Militärkirchenbücher covering the years from 1654 to 1922.
They mainly record the deaths of active duty soldiers, but if a
soldier got married or had children while in the service, they record the
marriages and baptisms of any children.
This was only done if the family was present at the soldier’s
location and not if they lived elsewhere.
The FHL has these records on 551 rolls of films and they are arranged
by military unit or hospital.
Military Identity Books
for Hungarian troops after 1869 are lost, individual soldiers were given
small identity books that listed information about their record of service.
These books are sometimes referred to as “military passports” because
men used them when immigrating to prove that they had fulfilled their
Information in these books included name, birth year, class year (draft
year), record of active duty, type of unit and regimental number, whether
the assignment was in the joint army (k.u.k) or a homeland army (landweir or
honved), date of discharge from active service and a description of further
obligations in the reserves.
Here is an example of a military identity book:
These are the records for András Kotlárcsik who was
born in 1874. He served in the “cs
és kir” army which is
the Hungarian abbreviation for “császár
és kiraly” or the Kaiser & King’s Army (k.u.k). This was the joint
army and not a homeland army. His unit was the 6th
He was drafted in
1896 (classing year) and these records were taken from page 339 of his
regiment’s personnel book for that year.
He was registered from Gőmőr
county in the 52nd military district of Hungary.
was born in 1874 and was a farmer in civilian life.
He was registered from the town of Csetnek in the Rozsno District of
(This was his place of birth.)
He was discharged after completing basic training seven
months after being drafted in 1896.
He was now assigned to the 1st reserves until 1911 after
which he was assigned to the 2nd reserve classification until
For various reasons, soldiers were often sent into the
reserves, in time of peace, after they had completed basic training.
Sometimes it was due to poor health.
But often it was a way to save money since soldiers were not paid for
By this means,
the army could could maintain a greater number of men who would have some
training and could be quickly mobilized if needed.
your ancestor’s records, you can then learn about
where he was
stationed and any military actions he might have participated in by
reviewing the regimental history of his unit.
Since Austria had problems controlling the various ethnic groups in
its Empire, men were usually stationed outside of their own home districts
except for a small depot of the regiment, which handled administrative
duties and recruitment.
remainder of the regiment was garrisoned at some distance from their homes.
This was probably done because it was thought that they could be used
to put down revolts, which they might not do in their home districts.
In addition, it made desertion more difficult.
Regimental histories covering the years from the mid
1700s until 1866 can be found in a series of books written by A. Graf
Thürheim entitled Gedenkblätter Aus Der Kriegsgeschichte Der K. K.
Oesterreichischen Armee, which were published in 1880.
There are at least three books in this series and the first two can
be read or downloaded from Google Books.
Book one covers the infantry and
Book two covers the cavalry.
I have not found book three but I assume it covers other units like
the artillery and the engineers.
individual histories have been written for almost all regiments.
These books show the honorary names that the
regiment had, where their home depot was located, and most importantly, any
engagements, skirmishes, or battles in which the unit participated.
Wars and battles are documented to the extent
of the day-by-day activities of individual regiments.
Many of these regimental histories can now be
found on Google Books and can be downloaded as a pdf file.
A list of regimental history books can be found
for World War I
World War I personel records for many regions of the Empire have been lost,
information about soldiers who fought in this war can be obtained from several
The National Library of the Czech Republic has begun to
digitize many of the records in their library and put them on line including
casualty reports from WWI.
There are two types of these records that provide
information about a soldier.
Here is an example of the records for a wounded
soldier taken from the periodical
Nachrichten über Verwundete und Kranke ausgegeben
on December 28,
Kotlarcsik, Infantry, k.u. Line Infantry Regiment No. 16,
Maschine-gewehrabteilung 3 (machine gun section), (born in) Gicze, Rozsnysi,
Samb, in 1887, shot in the chest, recuperating in Reichenberg (Hospital in
Note that IR16 was a Landwehr Regiment (k.u.) called the
Royal Hungarian Army and not the joint Austro-Hungarian k.u.k Army.
The second type of army records published by the Czech Library are the lists of
soldiers killed or captured.
is an example of the records for a captured soldier from the
Verlustliste ausgegeben am 1.7.1915
list issued on July 7, 1915).
Kepics Anton, Infantry,
IR66, 2nd Company, (born in) Szinna, Zemplen County, Hungary in 1889,
prisoner of war (kriegsgefangener), (captured in) Niš,
Both of these types of records can be found by using a name
search at the
Searches can be made by the name of a soldier, by
the name of a town or combinations of both which is useful in locating someone
with a common surname.
Since most regimental histories were written in the 1800s,
they don’t contain information about WWI.
However, the “Orders of Battle” can be used to locate the activities of a
Orders of Battle for several WWI fronts
Once you have determined a soldier’s regiment and where this
regiment served in WWI, you can find many books detailing the various actions of
the armies during the war.
If you are lucky enough to find your ancestor’s
military records, you should be able to learn quite a lot about what he
actually did while in the Army. You can start by learning how he was
To learn what the
uniforms of the Austrian Army looked like, I recommend two books by Darko
These books have
beautiful illustrations of the uniforms of the various types of soldiers and
They are part of the
Men-At-Arms Series by Osprey Publishing and are entitled
The Austrian Army 1836-66 (1)
The Austrian Army 1836-66 (2) Cavalry[xx].
illustrations of men in their uniforms can be found at the
Das Österreichische Herr
Military Archive Addresses
My personal experience has been that the archives will respond to individual
inquiries of a general nature.
However, there are charges for more specific questions requiring research on
the archive’s part.
archives explain their fee structure in their initial response before they
do any research.
questions are typically in the native language and not English.
If you don’t speak the language,
Google Translate can be used to help
understand the responses.
Addresses of the relevant military archives for Austro-Hungarian Army
Vojenský historický archív
Univerzitné nám. 2
917 01 Trnava Slovak Republic
Vojenský ústřední archiv Praha
186 00 Praha 8 Czech Republic
Kapisztrán tér 2-4 Hungary
The following tables were extracted from the charts:
Uebersicht der Werb-(Ergänzungs-) Bezirks - Eintheilung von 1781 bis 1889
found in Alphons Wrede's book:
Geschicht des K. und K. Wehrmacht Vol. 1.
The Kingdom of Hungary consisted of Hungary proper, the province of Croatia
and Slavonia, the province of Fiume and the Principality of Transylvania.
County names are in Hungarian, followed by the German name in parentheses.
These tables were extracted from the
charts: Uebersicht der Werb-(Ergänzungs-) Bezirks - Eintheilung von
1781 bis 1889 found in Alphons Wrede's book:
Geschicht des K. und K. Wehrmacht Vol. 1.
[iv] Karen Hobbs, Austrian
Military Records, in an article prepared for the Czech
[v] Henry Montague Hozier, The
Seven Weeks War (London, England: Macmillan and Co. 1867)
[vii] Karen Hobbs,
Wrede, Geschicht des K. und K. Wehrmacht volume 1, (Vienna,
L.W. Seidel & Son, 1898)p.114.
[x] Steven W. Blodgett, A
Beginners Guide to Austrian Research, FEEFHS Journal, V10,
[xiv] Steven W. Blodgett, An
Introduction to Austrian Military Records, FEEFHS Journal, V9,
Kasperkowitz, Dislokations-Verzeichnis des k.u.k. Heeres und der
k.u.k. Marine, 1649-1914, (Vienna, 1969).
[xvi] Count Orsich military
record from Grundbuchblätter
of Husaren regiment 06, Kriegs
LDS Family History Library film # 1431496.
records for HR6, Kriegs Archive,Vienna,
LDS Family History Library film
[xviii] David Hollins,
Hungarian Hussar 1756-1815, (United Kingdom: Osprey Publishing
Darko Pavlovic, The
Austrian Army 1836-66 (1) Infantry, (United Kingdom: Osprey
Darko Pavlovic, The
Austrian Army 1836-66 (2) Cavalry, (United Kingdom: Osprey
Publishing Ltd.) 1999.
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Last Update: 27 April 2013